West Virginia Disability Statistics

    Disability Prevalence Rate (US Census Bureau, 2010 American Community Survey)

  • Approximately 33,000 West Virginians have a developmental disability.
    (West Virginia Developmental Disabilities Council, 2012)
  • There is also a high prevalence of disabilities among West Virginia children. WV has the 3rd highest percentage of children age 6 - 17 receiving special education services under IDEA, Part B.
    (Disability Statistics Compendium, 2010)

The Aging Population

  • 15.8% of West Virginians are 65+ years old-the 2nd highest prevalence of older adults in the nation.
    (U.S. Census Bureau, 2010 American Community Survey)    
  • 43.5% of West Virginians who are 65+ years old have a disability; compared to 36.6% nationally.
    (U.S. Census Bureau, 2011, American Community Survey 1-year estimates)    
  • 9.4% of West Virginians 65+ years old live in poverty. Almost 20% of all senior WV households live on less than $15,000 per year, compared to 17.7% nationwide.
     (U.S. Census Bureau, 2011 American Community Survey)    
  • The prevalence of West Virginians 65+ years old is expected to increase from approximately 16% to over 24% in the next two decades.
    (Christiadi, The Shrinking of the West Virginia Working-Age Population, 2011)    

Veterans and Disabilities

  • 1 in 5 West Virginia veterans of working age have a service-related disability.
    (Disability Status Report, Cornell University, 2009)
  • 19% of West Virginia veterans with disabilities aged 18-64 live in poverty, compared to 15.9% of all U.S. veterans of working age.
    (Annual Disability Statistics Compendium: 2010)
  • In 2010, there were 167,200 veterans living in West Virginia
    (National Center for Veterans Analysis and Statistics, 2010)
  • 15.6% of veterans living in the United States have a service-connected disability.
    (U.S. Census Bureau, 2011 American Community Survey)
  • 18.5% of US Servicemembers who have returned from Afghanistan and Iraq had post-traumatic stress disorder or depression.
    (RAND Center for Military Health Policy Research, 2008)
  • According to the U.S. Department of Veterans Affairs/Veterans Health Administration, there were in 2012, 63,415 VA patients in West Virginia and 6,808 individuals with a diagnosis of PTSD.
    (Department of Veterans Affairs, 2012)
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Traumatic Brain Injury (TBI)

New TBI cases annually: 22 Thousand (WVU Injury Control Research Center, 2010)    

  • 11-20% of service members may have acquired a TBI in Iraq and Afghanistan
    (National Council on Disability, 2009)   
  • Approximately 1.3-3.8 million sports-and-recreation-related TBIs occur in the United States each year.
    (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 2011)    
  • Blasts are an important cause of mild TBI or concussion among military personnel in war zones.
    (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 2011)    
  • Falls are the leading cause of mild TBI or concussion. Groups at highest risk are infants and children (ages 0-4); children and young adults (ages 5-24); older adults (ages 75 or older)
    (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 2011)    

Employment of People with Disabilities

In 2010, 26.5% of working age 18-64) West Virginians with disabilities were employed - the 2nd lowest rate among all 50 U.S. states. U.S. Census Bureau, 2010, American Community Survey)    

       
  • West Virginia has the lowest employment rate for individuals of working age (18-64) who have cognitive disabilities at 16.5%. (U.S. Census Bureau, 2010, American Community Survey)    
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Housing for People with Disabilities

Approximately 1/3 of all U. S. households in 2007 had one or more individuals with a disability

These households were more likely than households without a resident with a disability to:

       
  • be headed by someone age 65 or older.   
  • have low income.   
  • have extremely low income-earning less than 30% of the national poverty level.   
  • pay more than 30% of income for housing costs.   
  • be located in a rural area.
  •  

(National Council on Disability, 2010)

Transportation for People with Disabilities

  • Accessible transportation is especially limited in West Virginia - only 30 of the 55 counties in the state have public transit systems, and only 33 counties have taxi service.
    (WV Department of Transportation, 2012 Transportation Providers Directory)       
  • Accessible transportation is a significant issue. Nationally, almost 15 million people have difficulties getting needed transportation - of these people, approximately 40% have disabilities.
    (U. S. Department of Transportation, Bureau of Transportation Statistics, 2003)   
  • Only 30 of the 55 WV counties have public transit systems and only 33 counties have taxi service. Transportation difficulties may contribute to lower employment rates among people with disabilities.
    (WV Bureau of Senior Services, 2008)   
  • Nationally, approximately 1.9 million people with disabilities never leave their home, and approximately 560,000 people indicate they never leave home because of transportation difficulties.
    (U. S. Department of Transportation, Bureau of Transportation Statistics, 2003)    
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